Ray Charles, unique name Ray Charles Robinson, (conceived September 23, 1930, Albany, Georgia, U.S.— kicked the bucket June 10, 2004, Beverly Hills, California), American musician, vocalist, arranger, and bandleader, a main dark performer charged as “the Genius.” Charles was credited with the early advancement of soul music, a style dependent on a merging of gospel, beat and blues, and jazz music.
At the point when Charles was a newborn child his family moved to Greenville, Florida, and he started his melodic profession at age five on a piano in an area bistro. He started to go daze at six, conceivably from glaucoma, and had totally lost his sight by age seven. He went to the St. Augustine School for the Deaf and Blind, where he focused on melodic investigations, however left school at age 15 to play the piano expertly after his mom kicked the bucket from disease (his dad had passed on when the kid was 10).
Charles assembled an astounding vocation dependent on the promptness of feeling in his exhibitions. Subsequent to developing as a blues and jazz piano player obliged to Nat King Cole’s style in the late 1940s, Charles recorded the boogie-woogie exemplary “Wreckage Around” and the curiosity melody “It Should’ve Been Me” in 1952–53. His course of action for Guitar Slim’s “The Things That I Used to Do” turned into a blues million-vender in 1953. By 1954 Charles had made an effective blend of blues and gospel impacts and marked on with Atlantic Records. Moved by Charles’ unmistakable rough voice, “I’ve Got a Woman” and “Glory be I Love You So” moved toward becoming hit records. “What’d I Say” drove the beat and blues deals outlines in 1959 and was Charles’ very own initial million-dealer.
Charles’ cadenced piano playing and band masterminding resuscitated the “out of control” nature of jazz, however he additionally recorded in numerous other melodic types. He entered the pop market with the hits “Georgia on My Mind” (1960) and “Hit the Road, Jack” (1961). His collection Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music (1962) sold in excess of a million duplicates, as did its single “I Can’t Stop Loving You.” Thereafter his music accentuated jazz norms and interpretations of pop and show tunes.
From 1955 Charles visited widely in the United States and somewhere else with his own huge band and a gospel-style female reinforcement group of four called the Raeletts. He likewise showed up on TV and worked in movies, for example, Ballad in Blue (1964) and The Blues Brothers (1980) as an included demonstration and sound track writer. He shaped his own custom account marks, Tangerine in 1962 and Crossover Records in 1973. The beneficiary of numerous national and global honors, he got 13 Grammy Awards, including a lifetime accomplishment grant in 1987. In 1986 Charles was accepted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and got a Kennedy Center Honor. He distributed a collection of memoirs, Brother Ray: Ray Charles’ Own Story (1978), composed with David Ritz. He was the subject of the acclaimed biopic Ray (2004), which featured Jamie Foxx as Charles in an Academy Award-winning execution.