Merle Haggard, in full Merle Ronald Haggard, (conceived April 6, 1937, Oildale, California, U.S.— kicked the bucket April 6, 2016, close Redding, California), American artist, guitarist, and musician, a standout amongst the most well known country music entertainers of the late twentieth century, with about 40 number one country hits between the late 1960s and the mid-1980s.
Haggard’s folks moved from the Oklahoma Dust Bowl to the Bakersfield zone of California, and he experienced childhood in a changed over train unit. His dad passed on when he was 9 years of age, and, when he was 14, he was occupied with a real existence of unimportant wrongdoing and truancy, with successive remains in adolescent offices. His ventures in the end prompted detainment (1957–60) in the California State Prison at San Quentin. (Singles that mirror that experience incorporate “Marked Man”  and “Sing Me Back Home” .)
Haggard was at that point performing music when he went to jail, and he continued working in bars and clubs after his discharge. He started playing with Wynn Stewart and Buck Owens, professionals of the stripped-down hard-driving “Bakersfield sound” in country music, and his first account was Stewart’s “Sing a Sad Song” (1964). Haggard had his first outline topper three years after the fact with “The Fugitive” (1967; later called “I’m a Lonesome Fugitive”). There is a grave cast to huge numbers of the melodies he composed—including “The Bottle Let Me Down” (1966), “Mother Tried” (1968), “Hungry Eyes” (1969), and “On the off chance that We Make It Through December” (1973)— that to some degree mirrors his troublesome youth. He additionally expressed “Okie From Muskogee” (1969), his best-known chronicle, an oddity melody that ended up dubious for its obvious assault on hipsters. Additionally famous was the devoted song of praise “The Fightin’ Side of Me” (1970), however his music was once in a while political and all the more much of the time and compassionately drew on the lives of the average workers and poor people and discouraged.
Haggard had a supple baritone voice, and his collection extended from early jazz and country melodies to contemporary tunes. He frequently recorded the melodies of different journalists, including western swing bandleader Bob Wills, one of his developmental motivations, whom he respected with the collection A Tribute to the Best Damned Fiddle Player in the World (1970). A multi-instrumentalist himself, Haggard was known for the high caliber and adaptability of his going with groups, which by the 1970s incorporated a portion of Wills’ previous sidemen.
Haggard won various honors from the Country Music Association and the Academy of Country Music, and in 1984 he caught a Grammy Award for best country vocal execution for “That is the Way Love Goes.” He was accepted into the Country Music Hall of Fame (1994) and the Songwriters Hall of Fame (2007). In 2010 Haggard was named a Kennedy Center honoree.