Johnny Cash, byname of J.R. Cash, (conceived February 26, 1932, Kingsland, Arkansas, U.S.— kicked the bucket September 12, 2003, Nashville, Tennessee), American vocalist and lyricist whose work expanded the extent of country and western music.
Cash was presented from youth to the music of the country South—psalms, society anthems, and melodies of work and mourn—however he figured out how to play guitar and started composing tunes during military administration in Germany in the mid 1950s. After military administration he settled in Memphis, Tennessee, to seek after a melodic vocation. Cash started performing with the Tennessee Two (later Tennessee Three), and appearances at province fairs and other nearby occasions prompted a tryout with Sam Phillips of Sun Records, who marked Cash in 1955. Such melodies as “Cry, Cry, Cry,” “Hello, Porter,” “Folsom Prison Blues,” and “I Walk the Line” brought him significant consideration, and by 1957 Cash was the top account craftsman in the country and western field. His music was noted for its stripped-down sound and spotlight on the working poor and social and political issues. Cash, who normally wore dark garments and had a defiant persona, wound up known as the “Man dressed in Black.”
During the 1960s Cash’s prevalence started to wind down as he fought illicit drug use, which would repeat for an amazing duration. At the asking of June Carter of the Carter Family, with whom he had worked since 1961, he in the end looked for treatment; the couple wedded in 1968. By the late 1960s Cash’s vocation was in the groove again, and he was before long found by a more extensive group of spectators. The sign occasion in Cash’s turnaround was the collection Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison (1968), which was recorded live before a crowd of people of somewhere in the range of 2,000 detainees at California’s Folsom Prison. The presentation was viewed as a hazardous move by record organization officials, yet it demonstrated to be simply the ideal open door for Cash to restore himself as one of country music’s most important craftsmen. He utilized the accomplishment of that collection and its development, Johnny Cash at San Quentin (1969), to concentrate consideration on the living states of detainees in American jails, and he turned into a vocal boss for corrective change and social equity. Live appearances in New York and London and his TV show,”The Johnny Cash Show” (1969–71), which digressed from the standard assortment program by highlighting such visitors as Ray Charles, Rod McKuen, and Bob Dylan (who had enrolled Cash to show up on his 1969 collection, Nashville Skyline), brought to the overall population his capably straightforward melodies of essential encounters.
In spite of the fact that Cash had set up himself as a legend in the music world, by the late 1980s he confronted lessening record deals and premium. In 1994, in any case, he encountered an unforeseen resurgence subsequent to marking with Rick Rubin’s American Recordings, which was best known for its metal and rap acts. Cash’s first discharge on the mark, the acoustic American Recordings, was a basic and mainstream achievement, and it won him another age of fans. Later records included Unchained (1996), American III: Solitary Man (2000), American IV: The Man Comes Around (2002), and the after death American V: A Hundred Highways (2006). The beneficiary of various honors, he won 13 Grammy Awards, including a lifetime accomplishment grant in 1999, and 9 Country Music Association Awards. Cash was chosen for the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1980 and to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992. In 1996 he got a Kennedy Center Honor. His self-portrayals Man dressed in Black and Cash (cowritten with Patrick Carr) showed up in 1975 and 1997, individually. Push the limits, a film dependent on Cash’s life, was discharged in 2005.