Ella Fitzgerald, in full Ella Jane Fitzgerald, (conceived April 25, 1917, Newport News, Virginia, U.S.— passed on June 15, 1996, Beverly Hills, California), American jazz artist who wound up world celebrated for the wide range and uncommon sweetness of her voice. She turned into a worldwide legend during a lifelong that spread over nearly six decades.
As a kid, Fitzgerald needed to be an artist, yet when she froze at a beginner challenge in 1934 at New York City’s Apollo Theater and sang in a style affected by the jazz vocalist Connee Boswell rather, she won first prize. The next year Fitzgerald joined the Chick Webb symphony; Webb turned into the teenaged Fitzgerald’s gatekeeper when her mom passed on. She made her first account, “Love and Kisses,” in 1935, and her initially hit, “A-Tisket, A-Tasket,” followed in 1938. After Webb’s demise in 1939, she drove his band until it separated in 1942. She at that point soloed in men’s clubs and theaters and visited globally with such pop and jazz stars as Benny Goodman, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, the Mills Brothers, the Ink Spots, and Dizzy Gillespie. She likewise recorded productively.
During quite a bit of her initial profession she had been noted for singing and recording oddity melodies. Her status climbed significantly during the 1950s when jazz director Norman Granz turned into her administrator. From 1956 to 1964 she recorded a 19-volume arrangement of “songbooks,” in which she translated about 250 exceptional tunes by Richard Rodgers, Cole Porter, George Gershwin, Duke Ellington, Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, and Johnny Mercer. This material, joined with the best jazz instrumental help, plainly exhibited Fitzgerald’s momentous interpretative abilities. Despite the fact that her expression was superb, her interpretation of verses was natural as opposed to considered. For a long time the star fascination of Granz’s Jazz at the Philharmonic show visits, she was additionally a standout amongst the smash hit jazz vocal chronicle specialists ever. She showed up in movies (strikingly Pete Kelly’s Blues in 1955), on TV, and in show corridors all through the world. She likewise recorded various live show collections and created a prominent two part harmony rendition of Porgy and Bess (1957) with Armstrong. During the 1970s she started to encounter genuine medical issues, however she kept on performing occasionally, even after heart medical procedure in 1986. In 1993, in any case, her vocation was shortened after intricacies originating from diabetes, which brought about the removal of both her legs underneath the knees.
Fitzgerald’s unmistakable tone and wide vocal range were supplemented by her dominance of cadence, congruity, pitch, and lingual authority. She was an astounding song artist, passing on a winsome, candid quality. Her irresistible scat singing carried energy to such show accounts as Mack the Knife: Ella in Berlin and was generally imitated by others. She collected 14 Grammy Awards, including one for lifetime accomplishment. She additionally got a Kennedy Center Honor for lifetime accomplishment (1979) and the National Medal of Arts (1987).