Chet Baker, in full Chesney Henry Baker, (conceived December 23, 1929, Yale, Oklahoma, U.S.— kicked the bucket May 13, 1988, Amsterdam, Netherlands), American jazz trumpeter and vocalist noted for the sad, delicate tone of the two his playing and singing. He was a faction figure whose well-advertised battles with illicit drug use shortened a promising profession.
Conceived in Oklahoma and raised in California from age 10, Baker started playing trumpet in his school band. He played in U.S. Armed force groups during two spells as a trooper (1946–48 and 1950–52) and sat in with jazz bunches in the San Francisco zone during the mid ’50s, regularly playing nearby Charlie Parker. He pulled in significant consideration in 1952 as an individual from Gerry Mulligan’s famous pianoless group of four, with tunes, for example, “Walkin’ Shoes,” “Bernie’s Tune,” and “My Funny Valentine” (one of Baker’s mark tunes) highlighting Baker’s cool-conditioned, quelled playing. Baker right now was proclaimed as a noteworthy new power in jazz, beating Metronome magazine’s survey as the top trumpeter of 1953 and setting up his very own group of four around the same time. A few of Baker’s chronicles from the 1950s likewise highlight his work as a vocalist; his vibratoless, to some degree ladylike sounding tenor voice was in the “cool school” of artists, for example, Mel Tormé and June Christy. His 1954 account of “How about we Get Lost,” a sentimental ditty that took on new implications when sung by the someone who is addicted Baker, turned into the melody most connected with him.